Learning how to take care of the garden can be a pleasurable activity, as the direct contact with nature calms and brings several health benefits. Best of all, getting started in gardening can be simpler than you might think. So check out tips to start this new practice.
what is gardening
Gardening is linked to the cultivation and maintenance of gardens and aims to maintain an attractive look for plants and space, with activities and use of equipment. In addition, it can be done both professionally and recreationally.
Landscaping and gardening
Although they are related, the terms are totally different. While gardening only takes care of garden maintenance, landscaping is an art that concerns the creation and ordering of the landscape through a professional project for the composition of space with plants and aesthetic and functional elements.
Now that you know the difference between the two terms, how about checking out some tips to start off on the right foot in your new leisure activity?
Tips for getting started in gardening
For beginners, gardening can seem complex. But in fact, taking care of the garden and ensuring the maintenance of your plants can be done in a simple and practical way. Here are 10 tips to succeed in your garden:
1. Kit to get started in gardening
To do gardening, you need to have tools and accessories that will help and facilitate the execution of essential activities, such as planting, pruning and cleaning the plants. See suggestions for items to assemble your kit:
- Thin spatula;
- Pruning shears;
- Watering can.
These basic tools will help you a lot in the care and maintenance of your plants. And, little by little, you can upgrade your gardening kit with more advanced tools as you feel the need.
2. Evaluate the lighting of the space
To start, analyze the brightness of your home environments. To do this, observe the places and times that sunlight usually hits each place, whether outdoors or indoors. So you can correctly choose the type of plant for each space.
For example, full sun plants need direct sunlight, around 4 to 6 hours a day. Those classified as semi-shade prefer less intense sunlight, and the ideal is to be grown in places that receive morning or late afternoon sun. Shade plants prefer diffused light, without direct exposure to the sun.
3. How to plant seedlings
After choosing the best place for your plant, it’s time to plant it. Prepare the soil or pot properly to ensure good drainage and a suitable substrate. Crushed gravel at the bottom and a mixture of soil and sand can help with these issues.
You can plant seeds and wait for the development time or use twig seedlings. If you choose the second option, shoots or bulbs taken from other plants can also work.
4. Choose plants that are easy to grow
Prefer to start your cultivation with easy plants that require little care, such as succulents , cacti , ferns and other types of foliage.
There are several more resistant options to start your garden and that will stimulate your learning and relationship with plants. Once you feel you’ve got the hang of it, you can choose more challenging plants.
5. Learn to feel the substrate
Feeling the substrate is very important to understand what each plant needs. By placing your finger or hand on the soil, you can feel whether the soil is dry or wet. This simple action can indicate whether the plant needs watering, is overwatered, as well as whether the soil drainage is working properly.
In addition, you can observe if there are exposed roots and, if necessary, ensure a larger pot for your plant to develop. Remember that exercising your observation is also important to detect some other plant need.
6. Water as needed
Water is essential for the growth and development of plants, so it is important to establish a routine for watering. In general, plants should be watered 1 to 3 times a week. However, in summer this frequency can be increased, while in winter it should be decreased.
To help you, remember the previous tip and always feel the substrate before watering. It is also important to take into account that each plant has different needs and, therefore, there are species that like a lot of humidity and others that appreciate their leaves being sprayed.
7. Create the habit of fertilization
Fertilization is important to provide the nutrients necessary for the proper development of plants, especially for species grown in pots. As well as watering, fertilization must also have a frequency, which will vary according to the type of vegetation.
You can use organic fertilizers such as earthworm humus; chemicals such as NPK; or homemade fertilizers , such as banana peels, coffee grounds and eggshells. The homemade ones are interesting options, since you will give another destination to these parts that people usually discard.
8. Look at the leaves
Leaves can say a lot about a plant: depending on its appearance, it can indicate the presence of diseases, fungi or pests. If they are wrinkled and dry, they may indicate a lack of water.
That way, if the ones closest to the ground are yellowing, reduce watering. Brown and yellow spots indicate rust. Cut leaves can indicate the presence of insects such as ants, snails, slugs, beetles and caterpillars. White spots are usually mealybugs , and if the leaf is whitish it could be powdery mildew. A close look at your plant can help you quickly identify a problem and address it in the best possible way.
9. Keep an eye on pruning and maintenance
Many species need pruning to shape their shape, contain their growth or encourage their flowering and fruiting. Whenever you notice, eliminate diseased branches, dry leaves and withered flowers.
To do this, cut with a sterilized pruning shears or other suitable instrument. In addition, also clean the fallen leaves around the plant to prevent the emergence of pests or mold. Using ground cinnamon for more drastic pruning can help contain the sap and even protect your plant from fungi and bacteria.
10. Protect plants from wind and intense cold
Excessive wind can dry out and damage plants, as can intense cold. More sensitive plants should be grown in places protected by trees, walls or roofs. In cases of frost, cover the plant in the garden with TNT. You can also move pots and planters indoors.
With these basic tips, you will easily be able to maintain a beautiful and healthy garden. Also, remember to choose suitable species and suitable for the climate of your region.
How to become a gardening master
In addition to the tips, you can also learn a lot more about gardening from the following videos. In this way, you can complement your learning and check the theories in practice. Look:
The best garden tools
Knowing the tools better and knowing how to use them correctly is essential in gardening. Check out more tips to assemble your kit, especially for those who have plants indoors. Also, discover suggestions for products you should have at home to help you grow.
Tricks every gardener should know
Every gardener has his tricks to improve his garden. With this video, you can check very common questions about various plants and learn simple and homemade solutions to care for, fertilize and eliminate pests from your plants.
How to prune any plant right
Pruning is a process that generates doubts and fears, especially in those who are starting with gardening. Learn, in the video, how to cut branches correctly and ensure efficient pruning to keep your plant healthy.
Working with the soil, caring for the plants and watching their growth can be a rewarding and very relaxing activity. Take advantage of all these tips and awaken the gardener in you. And, to have a green house full of nature, also see decorating ideas with plants .