Biophilic architecture seeks to connect spaces with nature, promoting well-being and comfort for its occupants. Learn more about this principle in the composition of environments, its benefits and tips for incorporating nature into your projects!
What is biophilic architecture: discover its relationship with nature
Architect Bia Rafaelli explains that “to talk about biophilic architecture, it is necessary to start with the definition of biophilia, which means love of life (bio = life, philia = love)”.
She adds that “the theory of biophilia, spread by biologist Edward O Wilson, talks about the innate connection of human beings to nature, evolutionary from the thousands of years that they lived and developed in nature, and that this connection is essential for the integral health of the people”.
Also architect and landscaper Felipe Ariel Köhler, from Orgânico Arquitetura , points out that “in the scale of biological evolution, the buildings we know today are very recent”.
He concludes, saying that “our biological development is much more related to nature: light, air, water, plants and animals. And not so much to artificial spaces – constructions”. Thus, the concept of biophilic architecture is linked to a vision of planning environments with characteristics of the natural world.
Features of biophilic architecture to live in harmony with nature
Professional Felipe points out the main characteristics of biophilic architecture, see:
1. Ventilation, Natural Lighting and Visuals
“Sunshine and its brightness also help with the circadian cycle, regulating the body’s biological clock. Along with natural ventilation, these elements are basic for people’s well-being.” And he adds, “the perspectives and good views out of the windows are also important, as the view of the natural landscape reinforces these sensations”.
2. Plants and water
“In addition to beautifying, plants also purify the air in the environment. The sound of water from a small rapid or even the humidity it creates for dry regions, creates a biological signal for people, in addition to well-being and warmth”, says Felipe.
3. Natural materials
“Stones, wood, bamboo, fabrics with fibers and even the earth itself are elements that come from nature”, cites the professional. And he reinforces that “when these materials are used in the same way they are found in nature, the greater the well-being effect”.
4. Organic format design
Felipe indicates that the shapes found in nature are usually organic and rounded, so when the furniture, rugs and even the construction itself has curved and irregular patterns, it is possible to refine the design of the space.
5. Patterns of Nature
He also points out that “the compositions that nature creates are perfectly irregular and organic, making contrasts or even combinations”. Thus, the professional says that “by observing nature, we can recreate these patterns, for example with the color palette of a sunset, or the mixture of shades of green and brown in a forest”.
Architect Bia reinforces that “biophilic architecture must provide an immersive experience of nature for people” and says that she always thinks about “how to use nature to improve the health and well-being of people in the environments”.
Benefits of biophilic architecture for a healthy home
Bia and Felipe point out that there are several benefits in using the principles of biophilic architecture, and mention:
- Well-being and stress reduction;
- Improved concentration and creativity;
- Improves social interaction;
- Increase in performance and productivity;
- Reduction of aggression;
- Increased sense of rest.
According to Felipe, “spaces designed with this concept improve the quality of life of their occupants and create a relaxing atmosphere that, at the same time, instigates creativity and interaction in the space”.
How to apply biophilia in architecture and have a more natural home
Architects also give practical tips to apply this concept at home, see:
1. “Prioritize contact with natural light in spaces”, indicates Bia
2. Views of nature are essential
3. “Take breaks to appreciate it”, recommends the professional
4. This will “increase your focus, concentration, energy, creativity and performance”
5. Choose natural materials
6. Bia indica: wood, bamboo, cotton, stones
7. And also the use of images of nature
8. Whether in frames, coverings or fabrics
9. Felipe suggests painting walls with the shades and shapes of nature
10. As well as “using elements with wood or natural wefts”
11. For the professional, “water fountains can create sensations of relaxation through sound”
12. He also recommends using plants indoors
13. And he points out, “there are species that are very easy to care for”
14. You can use foliage in pots
15. Or make a big vertical garden
16. Create spaces to relax and connect with nature
17. Bia reinforces the importance of taking care of another living being
18. “Be it a plant, or an animal,” says
19. Enjoy the benefits of nature in your home
20. Live better and healthier with biophilic architecture
For Felipe, the concept of biophilia can start simply and evolve into something complete. Start improving the space you already have and transform your day to day with a greater connection with nature. And to go all out with plant decoration, also check out the urban jungle trend .