Which dogs are hypoallergenic ? ( full guide )

Just because a person is allergic does not necessarily mean that they cannot bring a dog to home. The trick is to choose the correct breed. Precisely, the so-called hypoallergenic dogs are gaining more and more popularity, since by not shedding as much dander or hair, they are less likely to trigger sensitivities and allergies.

Below we show you the Complete List of Hypoallergenic Breeds (Large, Medium and Small) .

Contents

What does it mean for a dog to be hypoallergenic?

Before knowing what these dogs are and what characterizes them, it is important to understand what this classification means.

Simply put, the term “hypoallergenic” means that the breed in question is unlikely to cause an allergic reaction . Typically, many of these dogs are quite furry , but they do not lose almost any hair. In addition, their coats are made up of a single layer.

Since there is no undercoat to shed, the result is fewer hairs and dander floating around the home .

In summary, hypoallergenic dog breeds are distinguished by :

  • Low shedding and low dandruff production.
  • The presence of a single-layer coat.
  • In some cases, the absence of fur.

Are there really hypoallergenic dogs?

Experts warn that there is no 100% hypoallergenic dog . Although it is possible to find less allergenic breeds, suitable for people who are sensitive or suffer from asthma and allergies, the truth is that there is still the risk of experiencing any symptoms. Likewise, it is noted that the reaction may vary depending on the person and the dog in particular.

It should be noted that, contrary to what many believe, the dog’s hair is not the main culprit . Most allergies are known to be caused by dander that clings to the pet’s fur and skin.

What are hypoallergenic dogs?

Small hypoallergenic dogs

1. Yorkshire terrier

One of the favorites among small dogs is undoubtedly the beloved Yorkshire Terrier. The coat of the yorkie is very similar to human hair , so it is less likely to cause allergies. This breed sheds very little , as their silky soft coat lacks a second undercoat.

When properly cared for and proper hygiene is maintained, the Yorkshire Terrier can be the perfect pet for allergy sufferers.

  • Maintenance: High
  • Shedding: Low

2. Miniature Schnauzer

Another very popular hypoallergenic puppy is the miniature schnauzer. This is the smallest of all the schnauzer types . Like the standard and the giant, the mini sheds very little hair , although it is worth clarifying that it has a double layer coat (a soft undercoat and a harder and thicker outer coat).

Frequent brushing and trimming are essential to keep it neat and clean.

Although individual reactions may vary with the Schnauzer breed, allergies are unlikely.

  • Maintenance: High
  • Shedding: Low

3. Shih Tzu

Small , very furry and hypoallergenic … these characteristics make the Shih Tzu a very special pet among allergic owners. Their almost human coat reduces the risk of experiencing the symptoms of a severe allergic reaction.

Regular brushing and grooming further help combat loose hairs and dandruff in this breed.

  • Maintenance: Medium-high
  • Shedding: Low

4. Havanese Bichon

This bichon can be the perfect companion for those who want a hypoallergenic lap dog . Their naturally long, soft and silky coat is made up of two layers, which can vary from straight to curly.

Although its shedding level is not high , you will want to brush it daily to keep it free of matting and loose hair.

  • Maintenance: Medium
  • Shedding: Low

5. Maltese Bichon

The Maltese is another great representative of the group of bichon dogs . This small , all-white , hypoallergenic dog is often a great allergy-fighting option. Its spillage level is extremely low.

Of course, his coat requires gentle daily brushing, as well as regular baths to keep it free of tangles and dirt.

  • Maintenance: Medium-high
  • Shedding: Low

6. West Highland White terrier

Affectionately known as a westie, the West Highland White terrier is also considered hypoallergenic. This charming, cute, white little dog has a relatively thick, double-layered coat.

While it does not exhibit excessive shedding, it is known to shed more hair than other recommended breeds .

Daily brushing is very important to remove any accumulation of dead hair.

  • Maintenance: Medium-high
  • Shedding: Medium

7. Scottish Terrier

The Scottish terrier’s hypoallergenic coat is made up of two layers, a rough, ruffled outer coat, and a dense, soft undercoat. It can be the perfect pet for sensitive or allergic people who want to have a lively, independent and self-confident dog at home.

It is recommended to brush them several times a week, preferably detangling with your hands.

  • Maintenance: Medium
  • Shedding: Low

8. Italian Greyhound

With the appearance of a true miniature greyhound, the Italian greyhound is a hypoallergenic breed recommended for owners prone to allergies. It is an alert and sensitive dog whose short, soft coat requires very little maintenance , but has a slightly higher shedding level .

  • Maintenance: Low
  • Shedding: Medium

9. Cairn terrier

The thick, bushy coat of the cairn terrier is not only hypoallergenic , it is also water repellent . It is generally recommended that the owner maintain a routine of manual brushing and detangling every week, but essentially a very easy-to-maintain breed .

  • Maintenance: Low
  • Shedding: Low

10. Chinese Crested

Lacking the conventional coat of common dogs, the Chinese Hairless Crested is less prone to causing allergies in case of sensitivity to the animal’s hair and dander . This breed only has hair on its ears, head, tail, and lower legs. As you might expect, it drops little or practically nothing .

The absence of the coat does not mean that this dog does not take care and maintenance. Exposed skin is noted to be prone to irritations, allergies, and sunburn.

Note . The Chinese crested variety with hair (powderpuff) is also hypoallergenic.

  • Maintenance: Low
  • Shedding: Very Low

11. Coton de Tulear

The impressive Coton de Tulear may be the ideal hypoallergenic breed for allergy sufferers looking for a true family companion . Their furry white coat is soft, similar to the texture of cotton. That means she loses very little hair , only occasionally.

  • Maintenance: Medium-high (if kept with long hair)
  • Shedding: Low

12. Border terrier

Like other relatives in the great terrier family , a border terrier is unlikely to trigger allergy symptoms. Dogs of this breed have a double-layered coat, the outer coat hard and ruffled, and the inner coat soft and fluffy.

As an owner, you can expect it to shed some hair during shedding season , but it is not excessive.

  • Maintenance: Low
  • Shedding: Low-medium

13. Griffon of Brussels

If you are an admirer of the unique Brussels griffon, you will be interested to know that there are two varieties, one with soft hair and the other with wire hair. In case of being allergic or asthmatic , the recommendation is to opt for a specimen with wire hair . With this variant you will have minimal shedding.

  • Maintenance: Medium
  • Shedding: Low

14. Norwich Terrier

The Norwich terrier is a small hypoallergenic dog with a loving , alert and curious attitude . His double-layered coat is made up of tough, tough hair on the inside, covering a layer of soft hair on the inside.

Unlike other breeds mentioned on this list, it usually shed a significant amount of hair during shedding phases. Manual brushing and detangling every week are essential to remove excess loose hair.

  • Maintenance: Low
  • Shedding: Medium

15. Silky terrier

It is a toy-sized hypoallergenic puppy of great beauty and charming personality. Given its low level of shedding, it is a highly recommended breed for allergic owners and people who don’t want to deal with loose hair around the home.

However, it is noted that the coat of the silky terrier is very susceptible and therefore requires regular brushing and washing.

  • Maintenance: Medium
  • Shedding: Low

16. Norfolk Terrier

The characteristics of this hypoallergenic terrier are very similar to the Norwich terrier. The double-layered coat experiences a more noticeable shed only during shedding times . At that point, it is recommended to detangle with your hands to remove dead hairs and avoid the accumulation of dandruff and other allergens .

  • Maintenance: Low
  • Shedding: Medium

17. Australian Terrier

The rough, weather-resistant coat of the Australian terrier has hypoallergenic qualities , repels dirt, and has virtually no shedding . It is also very easy to maintain; a quick brushing a week is usually sufficient to care for this breed.

  • Maintenance: Low
  • Shedding: Very Low

18. Lakeland terrier

Billed as a “big dog with a small body”, the Lakeland terrier is another breed to consider among allergy sufferers or asthmatics. Friendly, confident and daring like any other terrier, the Lakeland has a beautiful coat of hard, bushy hair.

It does not shed almost any hair, hence it is a good dog for those who cannot tolerate dandruff .

  • Maintenance: Low
  • Shedding: Very Low

19. Affenpinscher

Many consider him a favorite among non-allergy dogs . The affenpinscher is the type of hypoallergenic dog that you will want to have at home. Although it does lose some hair occasionally, the truth is that its thick fluffy fur shed very little .

  • Maintenance: Medium
  • Shedding: Low

20. Sealyham terrier

Looking for a small , hypoallergenic dog that has a great sense of humor and is also outgoing? The Sealyham terrier can be a good choice. Their weather-resistant, double-layered coat tends to shed little . This only increases during the shedding phases.

It is noted that it requires regular brushing, as its coat tends to tangle easily.

  • Maintenance: Medium
  • Shedding: Low-medium

21. Lowchen

It may not be such a popular breed in various parts of the world, but the handsome Lowchen or “little lion dog” is one of the best hypoallergenic dogs to consider. His long coat hardly lets go of hair and to top it off, it requires low maintenance.

Of course, it is noted that the few hairs that it spills will not come out without the intervention of a brush.

  • Maintenance: Low
  • Shedding: Very Low

22. Dandie Dinmont terrier

Another dog that allergy sufferers can trust to avoid possible reactions is the Dandie Dinmont Terrier. This proud and independent companion has a coat that hardly loses hair , but that does not mean that it is maintenance-free.

Their coat should be stripped of dead hairs at least twice a year. The frequency of brushing can increase if it is kept with long hair.

  • Maintenance: Low-medium
  • Shedding: Very Low

23. Czech Terrier

The Czech terrier or cesky terrier may not be that common, but given the qualities of its coat, it should also be included in this list. The breed is the result of the cross between a Scottish terrier and a Sealyham terrier, hence the appearance of the typical little furry terrier. His hypoallergenic coat sheds little hair .

  • Maintenance: Low-medium
  • Shedding: Low

24. Peruvian hairless dog

The Peruvian viringo or hairless dog comes in two varieties, one with hair and one without hair. In this case, hairless specimens are the most recommended for allergic owners . The breed is considered an indoor dog , as unprotected skin can be seriously affected by the sun.

Regular baths help keep you clean and healthy.

  • Maintenance: Low
  • Shedding: Low

25. Bichon Bolognese

Like other Bichon-type dogs , the Bolognese is a great choice for people with asthma or allergies to dogs. His fluffy, curly white coat doesn’t shed any hair. This, together with its playful, gentle and devoted personality, make it the ideal pet for hypoallergenic homes .

  • Maintenance: Medium
  • Shedding: Low

26. Bolonka

The bolonka is a tiny, hypoallergenic bichon dog of Russian origin . Similar to its closest relatives, it is a furry , fluffy, and low- shedding breed . Regarding maintenance, it is recommended to follow a routine of frequent care to avoid tangles.

  • Maintenance: Medium
  • Shedding: Low

Medium hypoallergenic dogs

27. Standard Poodle

The poodle is a good pet for owners with moderate or mild allergies . Its curly hypoallergenic coat retains dandruff and dead hair, making it less prone to causing allergic symptoms. Its spillage level is very low.

Now, it is noted that it is one of the breeds with the highest maintenance and care requirements.

Note . Both the standard poodle and the mini and toy poodles are hypoallergenic dogs.

  • Maintenance: High
  • Shedding: Very Low

28. Portuguese water dog

The Portuguese Water Dog can be a safe addition to the home for people with mild allergies. It is a medium hypoallergenic dog with a dense and profuse single coat. Their shedding level is usually low, increasing only during the molting phases.

Regular brushing and grooming will help keep you free of loose hairs and decrease your chance of experiencing symptoms.

  • Maintenance: High
  • Shedding: Low

29. Spanish water dog

Among all hypoallergenic dogs, the Spanish water dog has one of the most unique coats . As it grows, its curly, shaggy coat can form tight laces, similar to the Komondor or the Bergamasco.

Most owners choose to keep this dog’s coat short, since when it is left long it requires more maintenance and experience. Spanish water dogs shed very little, which makes them ideal for allergy sufferers.

  • Maintenance: High
  • Shedding: Low

30. Soft-haired Wheaten Terrier

Unlike most terriers, which have thick, firm fur, this is a silky, soft-haired terrier. As a wheat terrier owner, expect little to no hair floating around the home ; yes, you should maintain a frequent brushing routine to avoid tangles.

It is a medium and hypoallergenic breed ideal for allergy sufferers who want a friendly, cheerful and devoted pet.

  • Maintenance: Medium
  • Shedding: Low

31. Samoyed

With a friendly and tireless temperament, and a thick coat impervious to the cold, the Samoyed dog is truly beautiful. Their profuse double-layered coat has an outer coat of long, tough hair, and a softer, shagier, and thicker undercoat.

If you are a fan of the Samoyed, you will be interested to know that it sheds quite a bit , especially during the shedding season (it can happen once or twice a year). Daily brushing is essential to remove any dirt and accumulation of dead hair.

Even so, it is a hypoallergenic dog highly valued for its beautiful physique and white color .

  • Maintenance: Medium
  • Shedding: Medium-High

32. Airedale terrier

The Airedale terrier has earned the nickname “King of the Terriers” thanks to its size, power and tireless spirit. Many people allergic to dogs find that they can live with this breed without suffering symptoms , as long as it is brushed several times a week.

Its level of shedding ranges from low to moderate, so frequent brushing helps remove loose hairs, flakes and dead cells.

  • Maintenance: Medium
  • Shedding: Low-moderate

33. Griffon Korthals

Another medium hypoallergenic dog is the extrovert Wirehaired Pointing Griffon Wirehaired Pointing Griffon or ( in English ). As the name suggests, this dog sports a rough, bristly coat on the outside, and a soft insulating coat of fur on the inside.

Normally, the breed loses very little hair, although shedding tends to increase during the shedding phase.

  • Maintenance: Low
  • Shedding: Low-medium

34. Lagotto Romagnolo

The Lagotto Romagnolo has many admirers, not only for the cuddly adorable appearance, but also for its fascinating history. This Italian breed has traditionally been bred to hunt for truffles, hence it is known as the “truffle dog”.

But another of the Lagotto’s most admirable characteristics is the hypoallergenic quality of its coat . This one is waterproof, has a rather rough look, and forms thick tight curls that cover the entire body except the head. It’s no wonder it shed so little hair.

It is known that it can leave small strands from time to time, but in general its shedding is minimal .

  • Maintenance: Low
  • Shedding: Low

35. Standard Schnauzer

As a middle ground between a mini schnauzer and a giant schnauzer, the standard is also included between medium and hypoallergenic dogs. Its double-layered coat is practically hairless , but it is important to brush and groom it regularly.

  • Maintenance: Medium
  • Shedding: Low

36. Wire-haired Fox Terrier

Fox terrier wirehaired has the same type of hypoallergenic coat , rough and bristly , which distinguishes the large group of terrier. This means that it does not shed almost any hair and requires little maintenance, especially when you have a short coat.

  • Maintenance: Low
  • Shedding: Low

37. Tibetan Terrier

The Tibetan terrier is another good example that “hypoallergenic” has nothing to do with the absence of hair. This thick coat breed can be part of a household with allergic owners , as its double coat produces minimal shedding.

Specifically, the undercoat of the coat is woolly, naturally insulating, and resistant to moisture.

  • Maintenance: Medium
  • Shedding: Low

38. Irish Terrier

Thinking of a medium-sized , low-maintenance , hypoallergenic terrier ? The Irish terrier may be a good option for you. Their dense, rough and waterproof coat creates a kind of close-fitting coat. Beneath this rigid outer coat, a dense layer of softer, finer hair grows.

  • Maintenance: Low
  • Shedding: Extremely Low

39. Kerry Blue terrier

With one of the most unique colors in the canine world, the Kerry Blue terrier has a hair type similar in texture to fine human hair . This might be the best hypoallergenic dog for allergy sufferers or asthmatics, as his tight-curled coat doesn’t shed anything .

This, together with the characteristics of the coat, means that the owner must comb and brush it at least once a week to avoid tangles.

  • Maintenance: Medium
  • Shedding: Extremely Low

40. Xoloitzcuintli

The Xoloitzcuintli, Xolo or simply Mexican hairless dog lacks fur, a characteristic highly valued among its allergic admirers. This medium-sized hairless breed is unlikely to trigger allergies. , hence it is considered hypoallergenic.

As with other hairless dogs , the lack of a coat does not mean that the Xolo does not need a routine grooming and maintenance.

  • Maintenance: Low
  • Shedding: Low

41. Bedlington terrier

Another hypoallergenic dog easily recognizable by its appearance is the Bedlington terrier. The curly coat is a mix between soft and hard hair, but not bristly. Many describe him as a “terrier in the body of a sheep.”

Those interested in a dog that does not cause allergies will be happy to know that the Bedlington does not shed at all . Of course, it is important to brush and trim it regularly.

  • Maintenance: Medium
  • Shedding: Extremely Low

42. Puli

Some sensitive or allergic people may be intimidated by the unique appearance of the Puli, but it is definitely an excellent hypoallergenic breed to consider. Their fur, naturally clumped into long cords, is not prone to shedding hair , dandruff or any other type of allergen .

It is noted that the maintenance and care of the Puli can be overwhelming. Its owner will most likely need the advice of an experienced hairdresser.

  • Maintenance: High
  • Shedding: Low

43. Irish Spaniel

Regarded as one of the largest spaniels, the Irish spaniel is a medium-sized dog that is highly admired for the beauty of its curly coat. Although it does shed hair seasonally, it is a suitable companion for allergic owners . Its fur is hypoallergenic.

  • Maintenance: Low-medium
  • Shedding: Low-medium

44. Polish Shepherd of Valée

The Valée Polar Shepherd may be the right pet for those looking for a medium-sized, hypoallergenic, adaptable and hardworking dog. Their unique coat consists of two layers, a water-resistant, ruffled outer coat and a soft, dense undercoat.

This type of sheepdog usually sheds little hair, but its shedding increases during the shedding phases .

  • Maintenance: Medium-high
  • Shedding: Low-medium

45. Barbet

This medium breed of French origin has a dense curly coat that is very difficult to ignore. People allergic to dogs can find a hypoallergenic furry companion in the barbet, with a not so complex maintenance and a level of shedding almost zero .

  • Maintenance: Low
  • Shedding: Low

Large hypoallergenic dogs

46. ​​Giant Schnauzer

The giant schnauzer is one of the largest hypoallergenic breeds out there. Like its close standard-sized and miniature cousins, this one sheds very little. Still, it is recommended to maintain a regular brushing and trimming routine to minimize the risk of loose hair and dandruff circulating around the home.

  • Maintenance: Medium-high
  • Shedding: Low

47. Boyero de Flandes

Another large , hairy , hypoallergenic dog is the popular Flanders sheepdog. His disheveled and thick coat shed hairs regularly, so an allergic owner would have to frequently brush and vacuum the home environment to minimize the risk of symptoms.

  • Maintenance: Medium-high
  • Shedding: Medium

48. Afghan hound

Although Afghan Hounds may not seem like the best type of hypoallergenic dog at first glance, the truth is that the breed could surprise many. The long, silky coat of this beautiful sighthound loses very little hair and is fully compliant with the restrictions of an allergic person .

  • Maintenance: Medium-high
  • Shedding: Low

49. Bergamasco

Finally, let’s talk about the Bergamasco, a dog that, in the minds of many, is sometimes underestimated. Independent, intelligent, large and robust, the Bergamasco is distinguished by the uniqueness of its matted coat. It is said that it combines 3 different types of hair: dog, goat and sheep.

This breed does not shed , does not need brushing and does not need more than 2-3 baths a year. Most people allergic to dogs do not develop an allergy to the gentle shepherd’s coat.

  • Maintenance: Very low
  • Shedding: Very Low

Quick Answers to Frequently Asked Questions

What toy dogs are hypoallergenic?

The following hypoallergenic dogs are some of the most popular in the group of toy-sized breeds:

  • Yorkshire terrier
  • Toy poodle
  • Miniature schnauzer
  • Shih Tzu
  • Maltese bichon
  • Chinese crested
  • Brussels Griffon
  • Silky terrier
  • Affenpinscher
  • Biewer terrier
  • Bolonka

What are the hypoallergenic dog breeds that shed the least hair?

Although the vast majority of non-allergy dogs have a low shedding level , there are some that lose almost no hair . Hypoallergenic breeds that shed less hair include:

  • Poodle
  • Kerry Blue terrier
  • Bergamasco
  • Puli
  • Bedlington terrier
  • Maltese bichon
  • Bichon bolognese
  • Irish terrier
  • Mexican xolo
  • Peruvian Viringo

What are the most recommended hypoallergenic dogs for children?

If you are looking for a low allergy-prone dog that is good as a pet for children , consider any of the following hypoallergenic breeds:

  • Standard poodle
  • Havanese bichon
  • Bichon frize
  • Bichon bolognese
  • Schnauzer
  • Wire-haired fox terrier
  • Soft-haired wheat terrier
  • Irish spaniel
  • Flemish Boyero
  • Coton de Tulear
  • Samoyed
  • Bergamasco
  • Puli

What are the best hypoallergenic dogs for floors?

Here are 16 of the best hypoallergenic dogs for apartment or tight space living:

  1. Poodle
  2. Yorkshire terrier
  3. Shih Tzu
  4. Havanese bichon
  5. Maltese bichon
  6. Bichon bolognese
  7. Scottish terrier
  8. Chinese crested
  9. Coton de Tulear
  10. Border terrier
  11. Brussels Griffon
  12. Tibetan terrier
  13. Silky terrier
  14. Kerry Blue terrier
  15. Xolo
  16. Lowchen

What Causes Dog Allergy?

There is a false belief that dog allergy is caused by pet hair. Although loose hair contributes to this problem, the truth is that the main trigger is dandruff . Most allergy sufferers experience symptoms of itching, runny nose, sneezing, etc., when coming into contact with animal dander.

Some can also react to saliva and urine .

Similar to human dandruff, dog dandruff is dead skin that clings to the hair roots . Once the pet enters the shedding phase, it begins to release the dead hairs, allowing the dander to circulate freely.

Then it stays on furniture, walls, bedding, and other surfaces in the home. Eventually, it can get into the person’s eyes or lungs.

That is why dogs that do not shed, or that shed very little, typically do not cause allergies.

Dogs secrete proteins that end up in their dander, saliva, and urine. The allergic reaction occurs when the immune system of a sensitive person reacts abnormally to these proteins, usually harmless.

How do you know if you have a dog allergy?

Some of the symptoms and signs that suggest that a person is allergic to dogs are:

  • Swelling and itching in the nose or around the eyes.
  • Redness of the skin after being licked by a dog.
  • Cough, shortness of breath or wheezing within 15-30 minutes after exposure to allergens.
  • Rash on the face, neck, and chest.
  • Severe asthma attack, especially in asthmatic people.

These allergy symptoms can range from mild to severe in intensity. In people with low sensitivity, they may not appear for several days after exposure to the animal.

It is noted that children with allergies to dogs often develop eczema (painful inflammation of the skin) in addition to the above symptoms.

Interesting fact

Experts explain that not all dogs produce the same proteins, hence some owners may be allergic to a specific dog, but not to their breed as such. For example, it may be the case of a person who only reacts to the dandruff of certain schnauzers.

How to avoid allergy symptoms to dogs?

It is recommended that people who are allergic to dogs take certain steps at home to reduce the risk of experiencing symptoms . If that’s the case for you, consider taking the following steps:

  1. Wash your pet’s bedding at least once a week.
  2. Change air conditioning filters frequently.
  3. Create an “allergy-free” zone at home (preferably the bedroom), and prohibit the dog from accessing it.
  4. Brush the pet regularly to remove dead hairs.
  5. Maintain a regular grooming routine according to the specific needs of the breed.
  6. Avoid having thick rugs and curtains in the home. If you have them, clean them regularly.
  7. Vacuum the floors and furniture every week.

Lastly, although it may seem obvious, be sure to choose a hypoallergenic breed dog.

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